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June and July 2019 U.S. Issued Patents

Congratulations to the UVA inventors who have had U.S. issued patents in June and July 2019. 

June Patents

Inhibitors of PTP4A3 for the Treatment of Cancer

U.S. Patent 10,308,663 (June 4, 2019)

John LazoElizabeth Sharlow, Kelley McQueeney

Abstract: The invention provides protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor compounds, Their pharmaceutical compositions, uses, and methods of use, such as in the treatment of various cancers, and process for making the compounds. Also disclosed is an improved synthesis of protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor and precursor compound thienopyridone (5).

Systems and Methods for Free-Breathing Cine Dense MRI Using Self-Navigation

U.S. Patent 10,310,047 (June 4, 2019)

Fred EpsteinXiaoying Cai

Abstract: Some aspects of the present disclosure relate to systems and methods for free-breathing cine DENSE MRI using self-navigation. In one embodiment, a method includes acquiring magnetic resonance data for an area of interest of a subject, wherein the acquiring comprises performing sampling with phase-cycled, cine displacement encoding with stimulated echoes (DENSE) during free-breathing of the subject; identifying, from the acquired magnetic resonance data, a plurality of phase-cycling data pairs corresponding to matched respiratory phases of the free-breathing of the subject; reconstructing, from the plurality of phase-cycling data pairs, a plurality of intermediate self-navigation images; performing motion correction by estimating, from the plurality of intermediate self-navigation images, the respiratory position associated with the plurality of phase-cycling data pairs; and reconstructing a plurality of motion-corrected cine DENSE images of the area of interest of the subject.

Compositions and Methods for Regulating Blood Pressure

U.S. Patent 10,314,883 (June 11, 2019)

Brant Isakson

Abstract: Both purinergic signaling through nucleotides such as ATP and noradrenergic signaling through molecules such as norepinephrine regulate vascular tone and blood pressure. Pannexin1 (Panx1), which forms large-pore, ATP-releasing channels, is present in vascular smooth muscle cells in peripheral blood vessels and participates in noradrenergic responses. Using pharmacological approaches and mice conditionally lacking Panx1 in smooth muscle cells, we found that Panx1 contributed to vasoconstriction mediated by the α1 adrenoreceptor (α1AR), whereas vasoconstriction in response to serotonin or endothelin-1 was independent of Panx1. Analysis of the Panx1-deficient mice showed that Panx1 contributed to blood pressure regulation especially during the night cycle when sympathetic nervous activity is highest. Using mimetic peptides and site-directed mutagenesis, we identified a specific amino acid sequence in the Panx1 intracellular loop that is essential for activation by α1AR signaling. Collectively, these data describe a specific link between noradrenergic and purinergic signaling in blood pressure homeostasis.\

Image-Based Identification of Muscle Abnormalities 

U.S. Patent 10,314,511 (June 11, 2019)

Craig Meyer, Silvia Blemker, Mark Abel

Abstract: A method is provided for identifying a muscle abnormality. The method may include acquiring image data associated with a plurality of muscles in an area of interest of a living subject and generating a data model for the plurality of muscles based on the image data. The method further includes calculating the volume and/or length of one of the plurality of muscles based on the data model, and determining if the volume and/or length for the muscle, as calculated, deviates from volume and/or length associated with a healthy muscle. If it is determined that the volume and/or length for the muscle deviates from the volume and/or length associated with a healthy muscle, a muscle abnormality can be identified based on the deviation.

Method and System for Model-Based Tracking of Changes in Average Glycemia in Diabetes

U.S. Patent 10,332,615 (June 25, 2019)

Boris Kovatchev, Marc Breton

Abstract: A method, system and computer readable medium for tracking changes in average glycemia in diabetes is based on a conceptually new approach to the retrieval of SMBG data. Using the understanding of HbA1c fluctuation as the measurable effect of the action of an underlying dynamical system, SMBG provides occasional glimpses at the state of this system and, using these measurements, the hidden underlying system trajectory can be reconstructed for individual diabetes patients. Using compartmental modeling a new two-step algorithm is provided that includes: (i) real-time estimate of HbA1c from fasting glucose readings, updated with any new incoming fasting SMBG data point(s), and (ii) initialization and calibration of the estimated HbA1c trace with daily SMBG profiles obtained periodically. The estimation of these profiles includes a factorial model capturing daily BG variability within two latent factors.

July Patents

Ultra Low Power Sensing Platform with Multimodal Radios

U.S. Patent 10,340,972 (July 2, 2019)

Benton Calhoun

Abstract: An apparatus comprises a system on a chip (SoC). In some embodiments, the SoC includes a power supply circuit, a power management circuit operatively coupled to the power supply circuit, a first wireless communications circuit and a second wireless communications circuit. The first wireless communications circuit is configured to receive an RF signal and is operatively coupled to the power supply circuit and the power management circuit. The first wireless communications circuit has a net radio frequency (RF) power gain no more than unity before at least one of downconversion of the RF signal or detection of the RF signal. The second wireless communications circuit is operatively coupled to the power supply circuit and the power management circuit.

Viscoelastic Silicone Rubber Compositions 

U.S. Patent 10,358,528 (July 23, 2019)

Louis Bloomfield

Abstract: The invention provides for new viscoelastic silicone rubbers and compositions and methods for making and using them. The invention provides for viscoelastic silicone rubbers that are stiffer on short timescales than they are on long timescales. When subjected to brief stresses, they are relatively stiff and elastic, and they resist changing shapes. When subjected to sustain stresses, however, they are relatively soft and accommodating, and they gradually change shapes. When those stresses are removed, they gradually return to their original shapes. These viscoelastic silicone rubbers resist compression set and they are extremely resilient in response to sudden impacts. They can be dense rubbers, foam rubbers, and particles.

Compositions and Methods for Preventing and Treating Rhinovirus Infections

U.S. Patent 10,363,299 (July 30, 2019)

Judith Woodfolk, Lyndsey Muehling

Abstract: An analysis of human CD4+ T-cell epitopes of RV capsid proteins with cross-reactive potential was performed, peptide epitopes of RV-A16 capsid proteins VP1 and VP2 were identified, RV-specific CD4+ T cells were phenotyped for surface markers and cytokine profiles using flow cytometry, and it was found that, among non-infected subjects, circulating RV-A16-specific CD4+ T cells detected at the highest frequencies targeted 10 unique epitopes with diverse HLA-DR binding capacity. T-cell epitopes localized to conserved regions of significance to the virus and were enriched for HLA class I and II binding motifs and were activated in vivo after experimental infection with RV-A16. RV-A16 epitopes constituted species-specific and pan-species varieties, together providing ˜90% coverage of the US population. Cross-reactivity was evidenced for RV-A16 and RV-A39. High-frequency circulating RV-specific memory Th1 cells in healthy individuals preferentially target a limited set of conserved epitopes and these epitopes, separately or combined, can serve as vaccines.